Types of Scars

What are the types of scars?  First a little background – Scars are the trophies and the stories that you tell for years after they happen, or they can be something that you try to keep hidden from the view of others. Whatever scars are to you they will form every time that there is an injury and the shape they take is determined by your age, gender, ethnicity and even your genetics. The skin is the largest organ and scars are the way the body heals itself.  Although healing happens rather quickly you will not be able to tell how the scar will look until months after the injury occurred. The injuries that can cause scars include burns, stretching, lacerations, acne and even puncturing. Some viruses can in some instances lead to scaring, but that is not as common.

Keloid And Hypertrophic Scars

STM Scar Cream

STM Scar Cream

When people tell you that they are embarrassed about their scars it is very likely that they are talking about keloid scars. Keloid are one of the types of scars that  happen because a person’s healing process can get a bit more aggressive than necessary. That means that the scar will have extra tissue that the skin did not have before and often are in more than one spot on the body. Hypertrophic scars are very similar to Keloid and often may be treated with emu oil for scars. The difference is that they will only be in the single area where the injury happened. They will have a similar look to Keloid in that they will be raised and red but in the one area. These scars usually are associated with cuts and the depth of the cut determined how raised the scar will be in the end.

Contracture And Atrophic Scars

Atrophic scars are not raised like keloids or hypertrophic scars; in fact they are the complete opposite. The Atrophic scars are the ones that happen when the fat or the muscle under the skin is damaged to the point that even when you have a very active healing process it will not be enough to get to the same level that the skin had before. Contracture scars are the ones that will present on the body as a result of a burn. The skin when burnt is destroyed and so the scars tighten the body. The size of the scar can in some severe cases even prevent a person’s mobility. The size of the scar can also go into the muscles and prevent the correct functioning.

Acne Scars

The look and size of acne scars will depend on the amount of acne that a person had. The scars vary in appearance from wave-like scarring to atrophic scarring. The scars can be treated with a scar cream, and the treatment will mostly depend on the amount and the size of the scar. The treatment can consist of steroid injections to even small surgical cuts on the affected skin. Another type of treatment used for acne scarring is freezing. If any of these types of scars becomes too bad, they can be removed with a small surgery. Your dermatologist will be able to tell you what type of procedures are best for you. You should always give the scar at least a year’s time to be fully developed before scar removal surgical treatment.

What Causes Age Spots?

What causes age spots? The cause of spotting, discoloration and dark spots can be explained by the assaults on skin from the natural elements, like the cumulative effect of sun exposure. The sun causes the increase in melanocytes in the skin, therefore darkening the skin tone. In general, this darkening is temporary and when removed from sun exposure, these melanocytes disappear and the suntan begins to fade. As people age, repair systems in the body do not perform at their optimum any longer. Some brown spots are left behind on sun exposed areas. The sun is not alone in getting the blame for age spots. The same damage you get from the sun, you can also get from tanning beds or tanning lamps.

Age Spots on Hands

Age Spots on Hands

Why Do People Get Age Spots?

This focuses more on the aging process itself. The older the body gets, the more work it had to do over the lifetime of the person to keep him healthy. This means that when potentially harmful material enters the body, lysosomes ingest the offending substances. This phagocytosis produces left-over “garbage” of brown pigmented, lipid-laden granules called lipofuscin. In itself, lipofuscin does no harm. It is only evidence of increased free radical formation in the body and decreased enzymatic action to neutralize the free radicals.  With less neutralization of free radicals, there is less repair of sun damage and the affected skin has parts where melanocytes are permanently anchored.

Who Gets Age Spots?

Generally people over the age of forty are the ones to get these age spots, or liver spots as they used to be called. This was a misnomer, since the spots have no connection at all to the liver. The proper name for this condition is solar lentigo.  Solar lentigines are mostly found on those body parts that are exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. This makes sense, since the exposed areas are where the melanocytes are and where repair is necessary.

Are Age Spots Harmful?

The age spots themselves are not harmful at all. They are just a side effect of aging and can be treated with bleaching or whitening skin care products, with procedures and treatments or can be left alone and accepted.  Actually, the agent of what causes age spots, the sun, is the harmful influence. The only problem in the presence of age spots is a cosmetic one. Ladies especially, like to have unblemished, even skin tones. Solar lentigines give a spotted look no one wants. These spots can be on the face, arms and hands. Sometimes they are present on legs as well. The back of the hands, arms and the face is where the most efforts to have them removed are concentrated.

Is There A Treatment For Age Spots?

Age Spots on the Face

Age Spots on the Face

In order to lighten age spots to make them faint enough to be hardly noticeable, age spot creams to bleach the affected area are available with a prescription. This is a time consuming process. It takes months to get the desired results. While under this treatment, skin must be protected with sun block since bleaching creams make the skin even more vulnerable to UV rays. Dermabrasions and chemical peels focus on removing the upper layer of the epidermis. This process includes removing the entire layer of skin along with the pigmented portions. It is a procedure that leaves the skin red and tender until a new skin layer grows. More expensive treatment possibilities are laser treatment and cryotherapy.